Robert Douglass is in the first row, seated, and is the fourth from the right. Timothy Edwards is in the second row.
He has a white beard, and is just to the left of the first row man with the cane and white hat.
Civil War Diary
of Robert T.
Douglass, Co. F, 47th Va. Regt.
May 3. This last was the giving up of
this poor Yankees diary. He kept it up
till he lost his knapsack at
fight and this book
was found in his knapsack.
Captured on the
May 3rd, 1863
This ended his diary
Next I will commence
on the next page
R.T. Douglass, Co. F, 47th Va.
[Transcribers note: At this
point Mr. Douglass didnt know if the diarys
original owner was dead or alive. In fact, Mr. Owen bought another diary,
filled in the previous days before he lost it as he could & continued an
account of his service for the rest of 1863. I will continue Mr. Douglasss
diary first, then pick up Mr. Owens story.]
May 10. Confederate
Diary by RTD.
We had orders to move &
we packed up and
struck tents & then
were ordered to
remain until morning (as
the weather was
hot). So we can travel whilst
it is cool
& we were very glad. Sorry
to hear of
the death of Lt. Gen Jackson.
May 11. Marched
according to orders and
are now encamped
about five miles from
Been to the swamp and washed
off and feel
much better since washing.
warm. Comrades busy fixing
May 12. On guard
today. Erected a guard
house and put in
Several men acquitted.
Heard a speech
delivered by Lt. Gov. R.
S. Montague on
the hill side close to our
May 13. In camp and nothing to do.
Wrote a letter to my mother. Had a little
shower of rain this afternoon. The clouds
have now passed around and not much
probability for much rain at this time.
May 14. Raining this morning. Read four
chapters in the bible. Brigade drawn up
in line of battle to witness the drumming
out of a member of the 53rd Va. Regt.
I had beef stake today seasoned with
onions and my desert was sugar &
May 15. Clear
and cool this morning.
Had company drill.
Dont feel very well
this evening. No news
of importance in
camp. I believe at this
to hear the sound of the drum
moment for battallion drill.
May 16. On duty
today. Signed our pay
rolls and went up
to the Qr. masters
department and drew our
wages up to the 1st May. Nothing
importance going on in camp.
May 17. Went
over to the 40th Va Reg.
to preaching this
morning. Also attended
meeting in the afternoon.
held by Mr. Anderson, Chaplain
40th Reg. Quite pleasant this afternoon.
It is you say.
May 18. Dont
feel very well to-day.
Wrote several letters
this morning. Not
quite well this afternoon.
this afternoon in our Reg. Attended
meeting at night in the 40th Va Reg.
May 19. One man
absent without leave
this morning in our
co. Supposed to have
inspection of arms
this morning by Capt.
Nothing of importance this
May 20. This morning finds me in camp
as lonesome as ever. Nothing to do but
drill. Relieved from guard this morning
at 8 OC. Laid down and slept till 12
Woken up & feel very unwell. Very
and cloudy this afternoon.
May 21. Hear some firing up the river
this morning. Instead of Co. drill we had
to police our camp this morning.
Inspection of wagons this morning. Nothing
of importance this afternoon except Co.
drill in place of battallion drill.
May 22. On duty today. Weather quite warm
and dry. Drilling today as usual.
Everything quiet along our lines. Nothing
of importance going on at this time.
May 23. In camp today alone. Regiment
gone on picket and I am left behind on
camp guard. It is very lonesome indeed
to be in camp when all have gone on
picket except a few sick. Bad news from
May 24. Another lonesome Sabbath to be
spent in camp. Attended public worship
this morning in front of the Qr. masters
tent. Very warm this evening. My regiment
(the 47th Va.) was relieved from picket
May 25. Cool and misty of rain this morning.
12 OC sitting around a fire where there is
a pot of peas boiling for dinner. Had
dress parade this afternoon. Very cool
for the time of year.
May 26. On camp guard today. No news of
any importance from Vicksburg in todays
papers. Quite pleasant this afternoon.
Played a game at ball with my friends in
the 40th Va. Reg.
May 27. Relieved from guard this morning.
Out in the field playing ball with a
portion of the 40th Reg. Quite pleasant.
No battalion drill this afternoon.
Dress parade in the afternoon. No orders
of any importance.
May 28. Sun arose beautiful this morning.
22nd Batt gone on picket. Election today
for Gov. and other state members. All
drills suspended on acct. of election.
Played ball this afternoon for excercise.
Prospect for rain.
May 29. On guard today. Generals review
by R. E. Lee Commander in chief of C.
forces. The most beautiful scene I ever
witnessed before. A.P. Hills old
division was reviewed. Good news from
today. Two balloons visible in
May 30. Cool and pleasant this morning.
Company drill as usual. No news from
Vicksburg or other parts of the army today.
Played ball this evening for sport as I
had nothing else to do. Bad news from home.
May 31. Another
beautiful Sabbath morn
has dawned. Went
to preaching in the
40th Va Reg. Very windy
Rumors about having to march
in our camp
today. Attended preaching again
afternoon in the 40th Reg.
Jun 1. The first
day of June is a most
beautiful day. Had
a ration of sturgeon
issued to us this morning.
camp about having to march. Went
one mile from camp with my friend
Chilton to get straw berries.
Jun 2. On guard
today. Very dry for
the want of rain. Wrote
a letter and
started it home by a friend
going down. Played ball this afternoon.
No news in camp of any importance.
Jun 3. Rained
a little this morning about
day. Went down
to the river fishing
with a friend from Co.
D of my Reg.
Returned without a single fish
having a bite.
Jun 4. Aroused
from our slumber about
2 OC this morning
with orders to cook up
three days rations
and strike tents and
be ready to march at
about 5 miles and are now
Round Oak Church.
Jun 5. On picket
near the mouth of the
The enemy are on
picket on the opposite side
of the river.
We are about 200 yards apart
allowed to talk with each other.
yankee swam over & brought us some
& we gave him tobacco in exchange.
Jun 6. Withdrew
our pickets last night
about 10 OC. ( The
enemy having crossed
above us) & marched
opposite to where
they camped. P.M. Light
our lines. Shower of rain
Yankees seem to be busy on
Jun 7. Another
beautiful Sabbath morn.
12 OC & nothing
of importance happened
yet. Some cannonading
going on at this
time but doing no damage.
skirmishers are trading papers
of bullets. Not much prospect for
Jun 8. Out on
outpost this morning but
quiet along our
lines. P.M. and the
enemy dont seem to be
disposed to advance
yet. Relieved from picket
having spent a very long and
day on out post in the sun.
Jun 9. Still
lying in our entrenchments
advance of the enemy. Hear
some firing a
long ways up the river.
Supposed to be Longstreet.
are seen on the north bank of
Jun 10. Still
awaiting the enemy to
approach our entrenchments
but it seems
doubtful about their advance.
report all quiet along our lines.
got wounded by fooling with a bomb
Not a gun has been fired today.
Jun 11. Everything
quiet in camp this
morning. Played a game
with ball called
cat. Had a little shower
of rain this
morning. Report of another
fight by Gen
Stuart up the river. Enemy driven
across the river.
Jun 12. A balloon
ascended in Stafford
this morning and was
fired at by our
batteries on this side the
descended at a double quick. Some
cannonading going on from both sides
of the Rhappahannock river.
Jun 13. All quiet this morning.
Not a gun has been fired up to 12 OClock
today. Some cannonading is going on
now but not with much affect. Severe
arising. I expect the
yanks will recross
Jun 14. Came on picket this morning.
Yanks fell back across the river and our
pickets advanced to the river shore.
Left our entrenchments and marched up
Fredricksburg and have now stopped
hill side in an open field close
to a little
stream of water.
Jun 15. Marched today at noon up the
river by Chancellorsville and are now
above the battle field. It is a horrid
place for anyone to pass. (It
a graveyard). Now we have
stopped for the
night and I have eat some
Jun 16. Marched
at sunrise and crossed
the Rapidan river
(distance about 15
miles). I have stopped
to cook rations.
Very warm this afternoon.
water in this part of the country.
Jun 17. Took
up our line of march this
sunrise & reached
we rested. Continued
our march & reached
Culpepper C.H. a
distance of seven miles
and stopped for
further orders. Culpepper
C.H. is a
beautiful little town for a county
Jun 18. Left Culpepper C.H. this morning
& marched in the direction of Front
Royal and stopped at a little town called
Woodville. It was the most severe
march I ever before experienced, it being
hot & dusty. Heavy rain this afternoon
lasting all night.
Jun 19. Left Woodville & marched five
miles & came to Sperriville & next we
came to Washington, both being little
towns in Rappahannock county and we have
now stopped at Gaines crossing, marching
the total distance about 17 miles. PM
Jun 20. Marched at 3 Oclock AM through
Flint Hill & came to Front Royal & got
dinner. Next came to the Shenandoah &
crossed on a boat to the other. I had to
ford & the water was deepest there have
been a heavy rain.
Jun 21. Marched in Clarke county to White
Post (a little town) & continued the
march & came within 2 miles of Berryville
where we were ordered to halt for the
night, & cook rations. Saw some beautiful
ladies on the road today. Another Sabbath
spent in hard marching.
Jun 22. Lying still this morning. No orders
to move at present. Large no. of wagons are
moving up & down the road. Received a letter
from home this evening that brings the news
that all my parents are well. Thanks to the
Jun 23. Marched about 1 mile this morning
orders were countermanded & we went back
in camp & staid about 2 hours when we were
ordered to march again. We marched through
Berryville & on through Rippon, a distance
of about 10 miles & then halted.
Jun 24. Marched in rear of
our div. today
as rear guard. Went through
that memorial spot where old
John Brown was
hung. We have now stopped
about 2 1/2 miles
from Shepherdstown to
bivouac for the night.
Jun 25. Marched
to Shepherdstown, forded the
& reached Maryland shore about
A.M. Continued our march through
& came to Tilghmanton & kept on
reached Hagerstown where we halted for
Jun 26. Left Hagerstown & marched through
Leitersburg and reached Franklin county
Pensylvania about 3 OC P.M. Very pretty
country but the citizens look sour at our
secesh soldiers. Wet and rainy today.
Jun 27. Marched today by the
name towns 1stWaynesboro, 2ndDunoy,
Funkstown 4th Fayettsville & stopped
Greenwood for the night.
crowd in this country, mostly
Cloudy this afternoon.
Jun 28. Rested
today at Greenwood. Went
out in the town
& got some cherries to
eat. Company inspection
at 4 OC PM.
Walked out this evening to view
Pa. Drank some
lemonade this evening.
Good news from Vicksburg.
Jun 29. Orders
to march at 10 OC.
Marched over the mountains,
of 10 miles & stopped near
bivouac for the night. Rained
afternoon. We are camped at the
the mountains and can see a good
Jun 30. Marched
from Cashtown through
New Salem down the
road to support Gen.
Pettigrews brigade that
went to drive
the yankees from Gettysburg.
camp without firing a gun. Orders
remain in camp & keep our guns in
Jul 1. Left our camp & marched
met with the enemy before
we got there &
we were ordered in the
fight & we fought
for some time driving
the enemy beyond the
town from all fronts.
One man killed 1st
Lt., 1 man wounded
in our Co. (F).
Jul 2. Detailed
to go to the wagons to
cook up rations for
our Co. (F). No
fighting this morning. P.M.
cannonading going on but not much
Drove the enemy 2 miles from their
Our division not engaged today.
feel very well.
Jul 3. Drawn
up in line of battle ready
to charge the
enemies breastworks. The
boys are busy throwing
up dirt with
their hands for a shelter.
cannonading going on I ever
heard in my
life. Our line advanced on the
but soon repulsed.
Jul 4. Still
lying on our arms. Nothing
going on but
picket firing today. P.M.
Orders to fall
back from our position.
Artillery busy moving
off. Our division
commenced to retreat about
8 OC & marched
till sunrise the next
Jul 5. ing having come by a little town
Fairfields. Marched today through mud
about a foot deep & stopped about 9 OC P.M.
at Frogtown, Franklin County Pa. marched
all night going out on picket & never
slept a wink. Robbed a hen roost about
day & took two bee hives.
Jul 6. Went out from Waynesborough with
Sergt. George Co. D to ___ some bread &
milk. Also went out & got some rasberries.
Marched from Waynesborough 3 OC P.M. &
reached Maryland about 6 P.M. & camped
within 2 miles of Hagerstown Maryland.
Jul 7. Marched at daylight
about 1 mile
south of Hagerstown & stopped
rations. My Reg (the 47th Va.) detailed
as provost guard in town.A great many
men under the influence of liquor. Bought
a pair of shoes for myself for ten
Jul 8. Still on provost guard. Went around
to some of the union houses & got something
to eat for the Federal prisoners. Nothing
going on but arriving stragglers on the
streets. Quite a tiresome job. Detailed
for patrol guard to night.
Jul 9. Went to Washington house
and got my breakfast. 5OC P.M.
orders to get
ready to go to our brigade.
We were relieved
by the 35 Ga. regiment.
Report that New
has been captured by our forces.
Jul 10. In camp & nothing to do. Some troops
moving off now. Orders to march. Some
cannonading going on not far from us. Marched
to Funkstown Md. but did not cross the
Antietam river but some drawn up in line on
Jul 11. At Funkstown guarding the bridges
that are over the Antietam. Skirmishing
going on in front. P.M. left Funkstown
bridges & marched across the Sharpsburg
Pike & formed a line of battle with the
other portion of our brigade.
Jul 12. Went out on line of skirmishers
this morning at day light. Advanced
with a few others out side our skirmishers
to get water. Went within 100 yards
of the yankees. No firing on our line at
all. 6 OC P.M. relieved from picket.
Jul 13. Rained this morning. The enemy
seem to be hard at work fortifying. We
are still lying in our entrenchment
for their advance. Bad news from
if true. Reported capture of
by the Federals.
Jul 14. On a retreat this morning having
commenced it last night about dark,
the roads being ___ ___. Crossed the
Potomac & reached old Va. shore about 11
OC A.M. Very glad to get back safe. Lost
5 men from our co. (F) on the retreat.
Jul 15. Marched at 5 OC A.M. & passed
through Martinsburg & kept on till we
reached Bunkerville where we went in camp,
making about 15 miles to day. Went to the
creek & washed off. Feel quite well after
a long march.
Jul 16. Staid in camp to day to rest, clean
our guns & wash our clothes. Wrote a letter
to my mother. Washed & put on some clean
clothes & feel much better.
P.M. Hear some cannonading in the direction
Jul 17. Still in camp. No orders to move
yet. Wrote two letters this morning.
Recd a letter from home which tells me
that all are well. Rain is falling very
at this time. P.M. Wrote another
to my mother. Feel very well.
Jul 18. In camp and nothing to do but
cook & eat; but very little we have to
cook: Pleasant weather after raining
yesterday. Baked some green apples but
were awful sour. Bought some butter
to eat this P.M.
Jul 19. This is a beautiful sabbath morn.
Oh I wish I was home to go to church &
see all my friends & acquintances. Walked
over to the division commissary train &
got dinner with my friends. Came back &
found a new Gen. attached to our brigade.
Jul 20. In camp
& nothing to do and nothing
Wrote several letters. P.M.
inspection this afternoon
attended by our
new Brigadier Gen. Walker.
came at last but very few indeed.
Jul 21. Orders to march this morning. Packed
up & ready for action. Marched at 12 OC
about 2 miles south of Winchester & stopped
for the night. Cooked up rations all night
& were ordered to leave at 4 Oclock A.M.
Jul 22. Marched
this morning at sunrise on
the Front Royal
pike & in that direction.
Front Royal about 2 OC P.M.
I went down
in town & got my supper.
the Shennandoah on pontoon
1 OC P.M.
Jul 23. Orders to move at sunrise. Came on
in town & got some bread. Marched from
Front Royal to within one mile of Flint
Hill & stopped to get rations. Had no
wood to cook with & we went to get some
rails off the fence & we had to
carry them back by orders of Gen.
Jul 24. Marched from Flint Hill by Gaines
crossing & met with the yankee cavalry
not far off & had a small skirmish with
them but drove them off. Kept on &
crossed two rivers one was the Hazel.
Camped not far from river.
Jul 25. Marched to Culpepper C.H. & camped
in our old camps. Got a pass & went in town.
Had my likeness taken. Bought some little
articles & returned to camp but found my
reg the (47) gone on picket. I didnt go but
cooked up their rations.
Jul 26. Went down on picket this
carried the boys rations to
them & returned
to camp. Wrote a letter
to my mother. Our
reg. the (47 Va.) relieved
from picket in
the afternoon. Had inspection
of arms after
got to camp.
Jul 27. Went
down in town this morning &
soda & a few other articles
to camp. P.M. had a very heavy
afternoon. Started to spring
& got soaking
wet & did not get a drop of
Jul 28. Went
up to the com. dept. this
got my hair trimmed by one of
& returned & found guard
at around our brigade. Something
are unaccustomed to have a brigade
Jul 29. Wrote
home by a boy going down.
Had 4 roll calls
to-day, one drill & 2
nothing to eat. Hard
times and more coming.
Had a thunder
storm this afternoon. One
man came to
our co. (F) from hospital.
Jul 30. Up by
times to roll call. Drew
a pr. shoes from
the Qr. Mrs. dept. Had
co. drill this morning.
suspended on acct of preaching
the Corps chaplain. Another thunderstorm
this evening. Dress parade this P.M.
Jul 31. Got a
pass & went in town & got
articles & returned to camp.
drill in afternoon in place of
drill. Received orders late to
cook up one
days rations immediately 2
of corn meal issued.
Aug 1. Beautiful August day.
guard & have a good post.
to move. Fell in & marched
about 1 mile
& formed a line of battle
____. A.M. cavalry been fighting
some time. Very hot this afternoon.
Aug 2. Here we
are lying out in the hot
sun ____ Culpepper
C.H. 10 OC orders to
go back to our old camp.
Found all the
fence near burnt up. Went
to the creek
and had a bath. Came back &
Aug 3. Left Culpepper
C.H. and marched
on the Orange C.H. road
to Cedar river &
halted to get water.
Went on a little
farther & halted till
4 OC P.M. Marched
on some distance &
halted at a church,
name unknown & bivouaced.
Aug 4. Marched
this morning over the
Roberson river &
halted for our corps
wagon train to pass.
After it passed
we marched in rear &
crossed the Rapidann
river & found the
other part of our
division and we bivouacked.
Aug 5. In camp
between Orange C. H. &
river. Brigade guard out as
them & went to the river
a good bath. Heavy cloud in the
not much rain. Read a letter
from my mother.
Aug 6. Still
in camp eating old course
corn meal. Had
2 days rations __issued
to us to-day. Went
to the river & bathed.
Drew one days
rations of sheep for
tomorrow. Wrote a letter
to my mother.
Aug 7. Very pretty morning. Had company
drill this morning & dined off baked
mutton to-day. Had co. drill in the
afternoon. Late in P.M. we had a heavy
rain which lasted all night.
Aug 8. Clear this morning and the sun
shines beautiful. Had no drill this A.M.
Got dinner and went to the river & bathed
and returned and received a letter
from home which cheers me up in a great degree.
Aug 9. Another Sabbath spent in camp.
Preaching by the chaplain of the 40th Va.
Reg and also by the chaplain of the 47th.
in A.M. Preaching again in the P.M.
Wish I were home to have gone to church to-day.
Aug 10. Cleaned our guns, ready for inspection.
Moved our camp about 200 yards and seperated
the companies from each other. Fixed up our
little tents and went to the river & took a
good bath and returned to camp.
Aug 11. Had co. drill this
at noon and battallion
drill in the afternoon.
Recd our pay rolls
and made them off. The 40th
reg gone on picket from our brigade. Went
the river after supper and took a bath.
Aug 12. On guard today. Had drill & inspection
in A.M. Battallion drill in the afternoon and
dress parade also. Went up to the blacksmith
shop after I came off post and had a rivet
put in a knife.
Aug 13. Rained this morning and in consequence
there was no drill. Went to the doctor to get
some linament to rub my head with. Signed our
pay rolls and drew our money this afternoon
for two months; _____ May & June.
Aug 14. Had no drill but were
clean our guns, ready for inspection
this afternoon. P.M. Rained & inspection
did not come off. Wrote a letter to my
mother & sent it by a friend going home.
Aug 15. Detailed on police
Had inspection at last at noon.
drill in the afternoon, it being Saturday
evening. Received a letter from home
and 2 pr. socks by boys coming up from home.
Aug 16. Beautiful
day. Received several
letters from home
& one brings the sad
news of the death
of one of my very dear
friends. The hand
of kind providence
has swept another from
Aug 17. On picket
at: on the
Rapidann river. Wrote a letter to send
home. 5 OClock P.M. attended a baptism
some of the soldiers. Only two men
Had a very small turn out at
Aug 18. On police
duty today. Wrote
several letters home and
down to the Rapidann river
and took a good bath with a
boys from the 40th Va. Reg.
Aug 19. On guard
around a corn field to
keep soldiers from
pulling corn for
roasting. Had no fire &
I loaded my gun
a little powder & rag
& shot it to
catch fire. Built up a fire
some corn & eat as much
as I wanted.
Aug 20. Went down in the edge of the corn
field in a pea patch that I was guarding
about day light & gathered a mess of peas.
Got some corn also & was relieved &
returned to camp & had a fine dinner.
Aug 21. All drills
and everything suspended
to-day for fasting
& prayer. Went over to
the 47th N. C.
regiment to carry charges
a man in said reg. to be
the next day.
Aug 22. Went to drilling again as usual.
Nothing else to do but a drill as the
yankees are not close to us. Had dress
parade and there were no officers
except Captain & one lieut.
Aug 23. Detailed to go after deserters.
Left camp & went to Orange C.H. & took
the cars. We got to Gordonsville about
N OC A.M. Left there & reached
_____ville about 2 P.M. where we stopped.
Went to the P river and bathed.
Aug 24. Drew a weeks rations
of hard bread
& bacon to carry on scout.
to Aston depot & got off &
toward Grunfries & stopped at
on road. Went out & got my supper.
Aug 25. Marched from ____church on the
____back mountain & stopped to await
deserters. Very lonesome place to be at
indeed; cant see one house atall. Went
about 2 miles to get supper I ____caught
in a river.
Aug 26. Went up on the _____peak of the
humpback with another one from guard to
view the country. Prettiest scene I ever
saw. Caught one old man that was deaf
but belonged to the army. Let him go again.
Very cool this P.M.
Aug 27. Left Humpback mountain & went down
on the flats. Laid in the woods all day,
secreted about 10 OClock at night we
surrounded a mans house & searched for
him but he was not in; having run off.
Aug 28. Went to Aston depot to take
cars but they had all gone down after
troops & ____ could not get off.
so I went back out on the flats
dinner. Returned to the station
all the boys gone down on the
train to Charlottesville.
Aug 29. Took
the train at Aston depot
& got in town at 11OC
A.M. Very pleasant
trip this morning.
Had my likeness taken
& walked all over
the town to see the
place. Very pleasant
weather this afternoon.
Aug 30. Went
to church this morning at
the Baptist church.
Had a very good
sermon. Wrote a letter to
my mother at
____. Very pretty day, cool
Feel quite unwell this afternoon.
a very, very bad headache.
Aug 31. Drew
a weeks rations to start on
left Charlottsville & went to
on the cars & got off &
Browns gap on the blueridge, a
18 miles. Feel quite unwell today.
Sep 1. Guarding Browns gap.
Quite sick to-day
Cant eat a thing atall.
Very cool in the
mountains. Had a chill
badly I feel this afternoon.
Sep 2. Dont feel any better this morning
atall. Came down off the mountains in
a wagon to White Hall and staid there all
night not being able to walk any distance.
Sep 3. A friend carried me
this morning where I took
the cars to
Charlottsville & am now
quite sick indeed.
Feel very much I have
Sep 4. Feel much better this morning.
Had an appetite to eat something.
P.M. Two of our boys got in this evening
on the freight train bringing one deserter
and placed him in the guardhouse.
Sep 5. Something better today all except
my mouth being very sore caused by fever.
Capt. Garland and the rest of the boys got
in this morning on train and brought one
Sep 6. Dont feel quite so well today.
Have an awful bad headache. Went up to
the hospital and got some pills from the
doctor. So unwell I cant go to church.
Sep 7. Drew another weeks rations ready
to make another scout. Large auction
here to day and public speeches being
made by politicians in the C. House.
of citizens present.
Sep 8. All the boys left to day and I was
left to take care of things left, as I
had been sick. Everything is very quiet
now since all the wild boys left.
Sep 9. Awaked up this morning and found
myself all alone. No one to disturb me
in my slumbers. Tis very lonesome now
with no one around, very unpleasant. Look
somewhat like rain this afternoon.
Sep 10. Got up very early this morning and
got my breakfast and then laid down and
slept till dinner. I never was so lonesome
in my life as I have been since the boys
went on the scout.
Sep 11. Still by myself & as lonesome as
ever. Had apple dumplings to-day for
dinner of my own manufacture. I also had
squirrel soup & mash potatoes. A portion
of my detail got in this afternoon.
Sep 12. All the fellows got in this morning
and I feel very much relieved indeed. They
brought in one deserter. P.M. very dark cloud
covering and look very much like rain.
Sep 13. Feel unwell this morning.
go to ch. Went up to the University
Chapel this afternoon to preaching. Sermon
by Rev. _____Broadus a baptist preacher.
Prayer by Rev. W. F. Broadus.
Sep 14. Drew another weeks
rations to go on
another scout. Did not
go to-day. Reports
that our army are about
to have another fight
with the enemy. Quite
lonesome in Charlottsville.
Sep 15. Our squad from the 47th Va. left
Charlottsville, walked the railroad to
Shadwell and searched one house. I crossed
the Rivana river to Milton & Stopped
for a while. Continued our march from
Milton to Buck Island.
Sep 16. Went from Buck Island up the road
about one mile and got dinner & remained
till night & returned to B. Island &
searched one house but found no one atall
that did not belong there.
Sep 17. Left Buck Island and
went to Milton
and staid all night. Rained
late in the
afternoon. Very warm weather
for the time
of year. Dont feel very well.
Sep 18. Went
from Milton this morning to
Had a very hard shower
of rain this morning.
No news of any
importance from the Army
Sep 19. Nothing
going on in Charlottsville
of any importance.
_____ quite good last
night. Reports from
the army that they are
expecting a big fight.
P.M. Went out to get
Sep 20. Very
cool and windy this Sabbath
morn. Went to
preaching in the afternoon
at the N. E.
Church South. Very good sermon.
of any importance afloat.
Sep 21. Some frost seen this morning. Drew
another weeks rations to go on a scout.
Left Charlottsville about 2 OC P.M. and went
to Stormy Point a distance of 10 miles and
then stopped to await deserters.
Sep 22. Not far from Stormy
Point on picket.
Very cool this morning.
Boiled a pot of peas
for breakfast and a
pot of cabbage for dinner.
Near in the direction
of Madison C. House.
Sep 23. Orders at 10 Oclock last night to go
to Charlottsville to go to our reg. Left
Charlottsville on the train & went to our
reg near Rapidann station and found all
quiet along our lines.
Sep 24. In camp this morning and
doing as before.
Our reg. on pickett but
relieved at 10 OC. A.M.
Weather quite cool.
No news of any importance in camp.
Sep. 25. Aroused before daylight with orders
to cook up one days rations and be ready to
move at a moments warning. Got ready and did
not move as the orders were caused by false alarm.
Sep 26. In camp
and all is still quiet along
Went over to the division comm.
got my portfolio from a friend.
Sept 27. Our regiment gone on picket to-day
and I am left on camp guard. Such are the
ways our Sabbaths are spent. Recd a letter from home.
Sep 28. Cleaned
our guns and had brigade
brigade drill in the
afternoon lasting till
sun down and dress
parade after dark.
Sep 29. Laid
off camp and cleaned it up
Had no drill this morning.
Had brigade drill
in the afternoon but
a very short drill.
Sep 30. No drill
in morning. Drill in
several letters to my
friends. Received several
home by detail that came up
Oct 1. Our reg. on pickett
several yankee prisoners that
caught by our cavalry brought through
our lines. Look very much like rain this
Oct 2. Relieved from pickett about 10 OC
A.M. and had to come up through rain.
Rained all day and were confined to our
tents all day without eating, it being
so rainy cooking could not be done.
Oct 3. Cleared off beautiful last night.
Cool and pleasant this morning. On camp
guard. Went to preaching in the 40th Va.
Reg. No news of any importance in camp.
Oct 4. Thanks to God we are
live to see another Sabbath
preaching in the 40th Va.
Reg morn, eve
and at night. Wrote a letter
to my mother.
Oct 5. Our reg on pickett to-day. Very
cool on the river on pickett. The 40th
regiment throwing up entrenchments on the
banks of the Rapidann river.
Oct 6. Relieved from picket 10 OClock A.M.
No drill in the afternoon. 6 O.C. P.M.
orders to cook one days rations to go to
throw up entrenchments.
Oct 7. Very hard at work throwing up
entrenchments. Goes very hard with me as I
am not accustomed to work these war times.
2 O.C. P.M. orders to cook up one days
rations. Many opinions to what it is for.
Oct 8. Awaked up about one hour before
daybreak with orders to strike tents and
be ready to move directly. Marched one
mile to take the place of Pettigrews
that moved off to some point unknown.
Oct 9. On outpost & the yankees are very
anxious to trade papers. 3 O.C. P.M.
Relieved from outpost but did not return
to camp. Detailed to go to camp to
cook rations. Great excitement in camps.
Oct 10. Carried the rations to our boys
on pickett. Relieved from picket in the
afternoon & returned to camp. Drew 4 days
rations of hard bread & bacon. Hear some
cannonading at a dist.
Oct 11. Another Sabbath spent in an uproar.
Orders to be ready to move at a moments
warning. Such are the ways we spend our
Sabbaths. Left Rapidann station &
marched to Mitchells station & camped.
Oct 12. Left Mitchells station
through Culpepper C. House
near the Rappahannock river to
Passed a large no. of yankee camps
our boys were all over them.
Oct 13. Marched
to day from Riconsville &
Hazel river and marched through
to the Rappahannock river &
at Warrenton Springs Va. Kept on
where found our div.
Oct 14. Marched at daylight on the
Manassas pike & passed two little places.
Little Baltimore & ____ & overtook the
yankees near Bristow station where we
had an engagement with them.
Oct 15. Yankees all gone on toward Manassas
& we are being still. Afternoon orders
were to cook two days rations. Begun
cooking & did not get through before we
marched on the rail road toward Rappahannock sta.
Oct 16. Marched down the railroad
to tear it up. Had a very bad
time at it as
it rained all day long as
hard & I even saw
it snow. At night
we built very large fires.
Oct 17. Clear & cool this morning. Tore up
a portion of rail road and then marched to
Rappahannock station and camped. Not a
house can be seen in this part of Virginia.
Oct 18. On picket
on the road leading to
Elys ford having
come on last night.
Everything quiet to-day.
Troops lying still.
Quite pleasant all the
day. _____ of
trains ______ crossing from
Oct 19. Relieved from pickett and marched
over the Rappahannock river by pontoons
& halted near Brandy station for camp.
Very bad walking as the road is so poor.
Oct 20. In camp
quiet again. Can see signs
of shelling where
we were. Shelled by the
yankees 12 months
ago. Pitched our tents
ready for the cool
Oct 21. Rubbed our guns and had brigade
inspection. Wrote a letter to my mother.
Had orders late in the afternoon to be
ready to move camp at 6 A.M. next day.
Oct 22. Moved to another camp west
our old one about one mile and some now.
Near a good spring. On police duty to-day.
Quite cool this afternoon.
Oct 23. Went over to the cavalry
see some of my friends & acquaintances.
Returned to our camp having to come through
rain. Nothing going on in camp of importance.
Oct 24. Rained
all day and we were compelled
to stay within
out tents all day long nearly.
to day, not being used to
Oct 25. Clear and cool, this Sabbath ____.
Walked over to ___ division commissary
with a friend. Had a service in our brigade
and it was attended by our Gen. in chief,
R. E. Lee.
Oct 26. Received a letter from home this
morning that tells me all are well. Not
well today. Suffering very much with the
tooth ache. Very cold this afternoon.
Oct 27. Very cold to-day. Look
like snow. Had company drill in
afternoon. Drew shoes from Qr. Master
department. Received ____ ____ blankets.
Oct 28. Feel
very well to day. Darned a
pr. socks ready
for wear. Very warm &
____ to-day. Had
inspection of camps
by Brig. Genl H.W. Walker.
Oct 29. Detailed
to throw up redoubts not
far from the ____.
Went 1st to Gen.
Walkers then to Gen ___
___ ___ then to
div. ordenance train to get the
Oct 30. Nothing going on of much importance
going in camp. The army is now busy
drilling and preparing themselves to meet
Oct 31. We have orders to move camps this
morning but it rained and prevented it.
Mustered for pay to-day. Wrote a letter to
& received one from my home.
Nov 1. Another Sabbath & the 1st day of
Nov. spent in moving camps and erecting
tents for the winter. Never worked harder
before today on the Sabbath in fixing
Nov 2. Finished fixing our tent and am
now very comfortably situated. Signed
our pay rolls. Drew very good overcoats
from the Qr. Masters dept.
Nov 3. Wrote a letter this morning. Drew
two months wages from our Qr. Master
this evening. Sending off pay received
for two months service. Recd a letter
home this afternoon.
Nov 4. Went over to the division commissary
in the fore noon and got some peas from a
friend. Bought some apples from the sutler
of the 55th Va. Reg. department.
Nov 5. On camp guard at the
Every gun in camp ____ ______
______. Keep from being troubled.
a letter to my sister.
Nov 6. Relieved
from guard this morning.
Stacked our arms
again and guard put on
them. Wrote several
letters. No news in
camp except that the
giving trouble at Fredricksburg.
Nov 7. Received
orders about 10 OClock
A.M. to cook one
days rations to go on
picket. Sent on picket
at 2 OC P.M.
at Wilfords ford on the Hazel
relieved for the 4_ Va. regiment.
Nov 8. Taken
off picket at 2 OClock
A.M. & went to
our camp & found all the
____ and overtook them
forming up in line
of battle 3 miles north
of Culpepper C.H.
Had a little fight with
the enemy. Our brigade
Nov 9. Fell back from Culpepper C. H.
last night, ___ Roberson ___. & cook one
days rations ___ all night. ____very cold
& disagreeable. Continued our march to
Rapahannock, recrossed to occupy our old
camps. Snowed a little in afternoon.
Nov 10. Very cool and windy
to day. Cut
some wood to burn. Made a brush
to keep off wind from our fire. Can
a shower of snow on the Blue Ridge
Nov 11. Moved our camps to within one
mile of Orange C. H. and are now encamped
in a very ____ place indeed. Very cloudy
in the afternoon and looks very much
Nov 12. Very pretty weather for this time
of year. I fear it will bring on a fight.
Had beef _____ for dinner.
Nov 13. Orders
this morning to cook two
days rations &
be ready to move. Cooked
two days rations
and staid in camp all
day without moving.
Recd a letter from
Nov 14. Have
not moved yet. Orders still
to have two
days rations cooked. Hear
at a distance. Wrote
two letters. Had a
very hard shower of
rain late in the afternoon.
Nov 15. Had another
hard rain again this
morning and then cleared
off very pretty.
Had service at 10 OC. A.M.
Orders in P.M.
to get ready to move out
warning and then was countermanded.
Nov 16. This
is my birthday which makes me
years old. Where will I be one
this time. Possible in eternity.
____ pay rolls to-day.
Nov 17. No news of any importance in camps
to day. Drew two months wages from the Qr.
Masters this afternoon. Wrote a letter to
my sister, Lancaster county Virginia.
Nov 18. Orders to build ____
to our tents
and fireplaces for them. _____
acquaintence in regard
to the movement of
the enemy again.
Dont feel very well this
Nov 19. On camp
guard to-day. Most
beautiful weather but
rather warm for the
season. Feel very unwell
all day to-day.
Nov 20. Quite unwell to-day. Cleaned our
camp and rubbed our guns. Ready for
Nov 21. Rained all day & inspection did
not come off. Very disagreeable all day
long. A part of our reg. gone on pickett
this afternoon and they have had very
bad time indeed.
Nov 22. Clear and cool this Sabbath
morning but the ground is quite___ & damp.
Wrote a letter to my mother. Feel quiet
unwell this afternoon.
Nov 23. Had frost this morning. To be ready
for brigade inspection at 1 OClocl
P.M. Had inspection of arms. On pickett
and _______ & I was left ____ on camp guard.
Nov 24. Rained some this evening.
sweet & irish potatoes issued
to us from
the commissary dept. The right
wing of our
reg., the 47th Va. relieved
late this afternoon.
Nov 25. Detailed
to go on fatigue duty
& ______ helped
_____fortify ____ lines
at the Rapidann
river. Returned to camp
in P.M. Coming camp
duty div. comm. ____.
Nov 26. Had inspection of arms and our
brigade on train guard. [next entire
Nov 27. Had marching orders last night
and we left our camp before daylight &
marched down the plank road toward
Fredricksburg & met with the enemy near
Drainsville school & had a little skirmish.
Nov 28. Marched to & fro and up & down the
lines & threw up two lines of breastworks
& it was raining nearly all day long. One
day ____very disagreeable indeed.
Nov 29. Another Sabbath day
throwing up breast works and rebuilding
them. Very cold and disagreeable indeed.
No fighting along the lines to-day.
Nov 30. Our brigade on the
and I am on skirmish to-day,
heavy cannonading and _____, skirmishing
went on about 2 hours in the forenoon.
Dec 1. Lying behind our breast works and
suffering very much with cold and firing
along the lines to-day. ___any of
importance _____. Recd a letter from a
Dec 2. Out on skirmish to-day and every
line advanced & the yankees were all
gone having fallen back over the river
last night. Some dead men left on the
Dec 3. Marched from our breastworks ___
having swung back on the pike to our
old camp near Orange C.H. and found our
chimney standing up right as when we
Dec 4. Feel very unwell indeed after
our last trip we made after the enemy,
having caught a ____cold as the weather
was extremely cold. All going on in
Dec 5. Still unwell and have no appetite
to eat anything. Received a letter & a
little bundle from home by a friend
belonging to the 15 Va. cavalry.
Dec 6. Another Sabbath spent quietly in
camp. Had co. inspection at 9 OC A.M.
and also a dress parade in the afternoon.
Had preaching in our Reg. in the
Dec 7. Walked over to the division
commissary dept. to see one of my friends.
The 40th Va. Reg. gone on picket from our
brigade. Wrote a letter to my mother
Dec 8. Returned to duty & went on co.
drill after being sick for several days.
Went out in the wood in the P.M. and
cut some fire wood. Quite cool weather.
Dec 9. On camp guard & the regiment
gone on picket. Made some mortar and dobbed
my chimney. Received several letters from
home late in the afternoon.
Dec 10. Still on guard &
as the regiment has not returned
picket. Wrote several letters to my
relatives & friends. The regiment returned
from pickett late in the afternoon.
Dec 11. Relieved from guard
at 9 OClock
A.M. having been on 48 hours.
to Keiths division commissary dept.
the afternoon to see some of my friends.
Dec 12. Received
orders early this
morning to be ready for
inspection & review
at 9 OC A.M. Rained
and we had no
inspection and I was glad
of it indeed.
Dec 13. Staid in camp all day & had a
very dry time indeed. Had no company
inspection to day as our Col. is in
command of our regt. Orders to be ready
for inspection tomorrow.
Dec 14. Busy cleaning our guns for
inspection and orders came to move &
we left our camp & took the train to
Gordonsville & from there to Staunton
& there stopped for the night.
Dec 15. Took the train from Staunton
about noon and went up near Buffalo gap
and got off the train. Marched some
& halted at the foot the mountains
Dec 16. Laid over at the Buffalo Springs
hotel all day and drew five days
rations of hard bread, bacon & beef
and had orders to cook two days rations
immediately ready for action.
Dec 17. Left Buffalo Springs & marched
in on the road to Staunton having been
up nearly all night before & had to
march through rain & snow & twas freezing
on us as fast as fell. A day long to be
Dec 18. Staid in camp near Staunton all
day & dried our blankets & other
clothes. Wrote a letter to my mother.
Went out to a gentlemans house in P.M. &
Dec 19. Very cold to day and looks very
much like snow. Drew some fresh pork to
day as rations. No orders to move yet
and not many camp rumors afloat.
Dec 20. Another Sabbath day spent in
rapid marching from Staunton to Mt.
Crawford on the Winchester pike.
excitement in the valley among the
Home guard turned out.
Dec 21. Left Mt. Crawford at daylight
& marched about 2 miles & formed a line
of battle & then left & next came to
Harrisburg marching at a rapid rate in hot
pursuit of the enemy but did not overtake them.
Dec 22. Marched through New
Market on to
and camped. Our march to
day was quite slow
___ the distance about
10 miles. The enemy
are still pushing
Dec 23. Laid
in camp to-day and lived off
the fat of
the valley. Some of the boys
went out in
the country & got butter milk,
& all such luxeries as the
Very pretty day.
Dec 24. Went out to a mill with a friend
& got some flour & carried to a house
& have it cooked into bread. Returned
to camp with my bread and butter milk
that I bought for Chrismas.
Dec 25. This Chrismas day now are camped
near Mt. Jackson. Where might I be on
another Chrismas day. Went out & got my
Chrisday dinner. Also got some cakes &
Dec 26. Had inspection of arms at 12 OClock.
Commenced having roll calls to-day. Look
very much like rain this afternoon. Fixed
a kind of shelter to keep me out the rain.
Dec 27. The last
Sabbath in this year is
a very disagreeable
& rainy day. Who
will live to see the
last Sabbath in next
year. Everyone expects
to see it. Wish
that I was where I was this
time last Chrismas.
Dec 28. Still rainy and disagreeable and
have no tents to shelter ourselves
from the weather. Rumours in camp that
we are to march toward Winchester. Dont
the idea of going there.
Dec 29. Took a friends place on guard
for him to go out foraging for him &
myself. Very pretty day after a rainy
spell. Recd orders late in the afternoon
to cook rations & be ready to move
Dec 30. Moved this morning out our camps
on the pike toward Winchester about
1/2 mile & halted and the orders were
countermanded & we returned to our camp
again with orders to be ready to move
at a moments warning.
Dec 31. The last day of this year was a
very disagreeable day. It rained &
snowed all day long. Who will live
to see the last day of next year is a
that cannot be answered.
1863 has gone,
never to return again. We are
at Mt. Jackson Shennandoah
Virginia. Where will we be 12
months from now.
This ends my diary.